(Monday, 18th May 2020)
This session will examine the transformation of modern regulatory institutions since the mid-nineteenth century, with an emphasis on the role of regulatory rules in constituting and coordinating markets, as well as addressing perceived social and environmental harms created by economic activity. Focusing especially on the United States, key themes include the invention of expert administration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, subsequent critiques of the administrative state as unaccountable and inefficient, resulting mid-20th century procedural reforms to make regulatory policymaking more democratic, and the emergence of deregulatory movements toward the end of the 20th century.
(Wednesday, 17th May 2023)
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This lecture makes a case for the value of historical perspective in considering issues related to regulatory governance. A key goal is to trace the cross-currents of American regulatory history since the 1970s. There has been a powerful deregulatory thrust in the United States since the turbulence unleashed by the oil crises of the 1970s, the rapid deindustrialization of the American rust belt, and the deepening of globalization since the fall of the Soviet Union. But the deregulatory impulse has also faced limitations. In many policy areas, political support for technocratic regulatory oversight has remained strong; in others, emerging problems have elicited notably technocratic responses. The lecture will conclude with reflections about how historical analysis implicitly underpins much regulatory analysis (assessment of “crises;” search for policy models and antecedents; retrospective regulatory review).
Edward Balleisen and Marc Eisner, “The Promise and Pitfalls of Co-Regulation: How Governments Can Draw on Private Governance for Public Purpose,” In David Moss and John Cisternino, eds., New Perspectives on Regulation (The Tobin Project: Cambridge, Mass., 2009), 127-49.
Edward Balleisen, Lori Bennear, Kimberly Krawiec, and Jonathan Wiener, “Recalibrating Risk: Crises, Learning, and Regulatory Change,” in Balleisen, Bennear, Krawiec, and Wiener, eds., Policy Shock: Recalibrating Risk and Regulation after Oil Spills, Nuclear Accidents, and Financial Crisis (2017), 540-61.
Lori Bennear and Jonathan Wiener, Institutional Roles and Goals for Retrospective Regulatory Analysis, Journal Of Benefit Cost Analysis, Volume 12, Issue 3 (2021), pp. 466 - 493, Full Text Online